Sparta Strategy details a list of the Top 5 States in India for Wind Energy.
1. Tamil Nadu (4906.74 MW)
The spectacular growth of wind farms in Tamil Nadu is attributable to early efforts of Government to assess wind resource potential, set up demonstration farms and the conducive policies adopted to attract private investment. As a result of combination of various favorable factors, private investments came in a big way, starting with the first wind electric generator of 55 kW capacities in Muppandal in 1990 in the private sector.
The capacity of single wind electric generator which was less than 100 kW initially has gone up gradually to 2.0 MW in 2004. The total installed capacity has also increased to 4287 MW including 17 MW under demonstration programme as on 31.3.2009. Tamil Nadu continues to maintain # 1 position in the country in wind power with 42% of total installed capacity in India
2. Maharashtra (2077.70 MW)
Maharashtra is second only to Tamil Nadu in terms of generating capacity. Suzlon has been heavily involved. Suzlon operates what was once Asia’s largest wind farm, the Vankusawade Wind Park (201 MW), near the Koyna reservoir in Satara district of Maharashtra. It has the highest installed capacity in India and energy consumption per consumer. The Maharashtra State Electricity Board (MSEB) syatem has a peak demand of about 10,000 MW. The Maharashtra State Development Agency, established by the state government has been taking various initiatives to increase the power generation through renewable.
3. Gujarat (1863.64 MW)
The Gujarat government, which is banking heavily on wind power, has identified Samana as an ideal location for installation of 450 turbines that can generate a total of 360 MW. To encourage investment in wind energy development in the state, the government has introduced a raft of incentives including a higher wind energy tariff. Samana has a high tension transmission grid and electricity generated by wind turbines can be fed into it. For this purpose, a substation at Sadodar has been installed. Both projects are being executed by Enercon Ltd, a joint venture between Enercon of Germany and Mumbai-based Mehra group.
The state of Gujarat has one of the fastest growing economies in India. However, this growth has largely bypassed certain areas of the state. The district of Kutch, the second largest district of Gujarat, reflects this uneven progress. Kutch is predominantly rural with 67% of the population living in rural areas. In addition, 23.3 % of the population falls below the official poverty line.
4. Karnataka (1472.75 MW)
There are many small wind farms in Karnataka, making it one of the states in India which has a high number of wind mill farms. Chitradurga, Gadag are some of the districts where there are a large number of Windmills. Chitradurga alone has over 20,000 wind turbines. The 13.2 MW Arasinagundi (ARA) and 16.5 MW Anaburu (ANA) wind farms are ACCIONA’S first in India. Located in the Davangere district (Karnataka State), they have a total installed capacity of 29.7 MW and comprise a total 18 Vestas 1.65MW wind turbines supplied by Vestas Wind Technology India Pvt. Ltd.
Wind power harnessing is area specific. Wind is the fastest-growing clean energy sector of the renewable. Much of the technology for wind power already exists. Advanced technologies like “Floating wind power plants” will be explored in the west coast. There is a potential of about 13000 MW for the development of wind power plants in the state. Wind potential areas in the state are Chitradurga, Gadag, Chikmaglur, Bellary, Davangere, Koppal, Bijapur, Bagalkot, Belgaum etc Districts.
5. Rajasthan (1088.37 MW)
In an independent development, cement major ACC Ltd has proposed to set up a new wind power project in Rajasthan with a capacity of around 11 MW. Expected to cost around 60 crore, the wind farm will meet the power requirements of the company’s Lakheri cement unit where capacity was raised from 0.9 million tpa to 1.5 million tpa through a modernisation plan. For ACC, this would be the second wind power project after the 9 mW farm at Udayathoor in Tirunelvelli district of Tamil Nadu Rajasthan is emerging as an important destination for new wind farms, although it is currently not amongst the top five states in terms of installed capacity. The following features make Rajasthan a preferred state for wind energy.
- The state in its western part blessed with abundant natural resource i.e. optimum sunshine and wind
- Assured power evacuation arrangements in place. Setting up 400 / 220 / 132 KV network for solar and wind energy based power plants in progress.
- Sparsely populated. Revenue land is available in abundance
- Land is allocated at reserve price under G O R Policy Density of population – 165 per sq. km
- Rich in mineral resources, viz. marble, granite, rock phosphate, zinc, lignite, Lime stone steel grade etc.
- Rich culture, historical monuments popular tourist spots
- Close to National Capital – Vast potential for economic development
- Per Capita electricity availability – 561 units
- Vast potential for Power Generation from Wind, Solar, Biomass, Petroleum and Natural Gas in Western Rajasthan.
Total Capacity (MW)
|Vankusawade Wind Park||Suzlon Energy||Satara||Maharashtra||259|
|Cape Comorin||Aban Loyd Chiles Offshore||Kanyakumari||Tamil Nadu||33|
|Kayathar Subhash||Subhash||Kayathar||Tamil Nadu||30|
|Muppandal Wind||Muppandal Wind Farm||Muppandal||Tamil Nadu||22|
|Gudimangalam||Gudimangalam Wind Farm||Gudimangalam||Tamil Nadu||21|
|Puthlur RCI||Wescare (India)||Puthlur||Andhra Pradesh||20|
|Lamda Danida||Danida India /td>||Lamda||Gujarat||15|
|Chennai Mohan||Mohan BreweriesDistilleries||Chennai||Tamil Nadu||15|
|Jamgudrani MP||MP Windfarms||Dewas||Madhya Pradesh||14|
|Jogmatti BSES||BSES||Chitradurga Dist||Karnataka||14|
|Perungudi Newam||Newam Power Company||Perungudi||Tamil Nadu||12|
|Kethanur Wind Farm||Kethanur Wind Farm||Kethanur||Tamil Nadu||11|
|Hyderabad APSRTC||Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport||Hyderabad||Andhra Pradesh||10|
|Muppandal Madras||Madras Cements||Muppandal||Tamil Nadu||10|
|Poolavadi Chettinad||Chettinad Cement Corp||Poolavadi||Tamil Nadu||10|
Future Wind Power Plants in India
- 102.4 MW Sipla Wind Farm will be located at Jaisalmer District (Rajasthan) CLP
- 50.4 MW Narmada Wind Farm at Nallakonda (Andhra Pradesh),CLP
- 200 MW Wind Farm in Tamil Nadu by Techno Electric & Engineering Company Ltd (TEECL)
- Caparo is builing 500 MW Wind Farms in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra,has placed a $1.2 billion order with Suzlon
- 56-megawatt Tuppadahalli wind farm by Accionia
- 50MW wind farmAmreli district of Gujarat by Orient Green Power Company
- 84 MW Wind Farm in Maharashtra by Orient Green Power Company
- 33 MW wind farm Vellappaneri Wind Farm by Beta Wind Farm which is a 100 per cent subsidiary Orient Green Power
The Indian Wind Energy already has the 5th largest installed capacity in the world and is set to grow at a rapid pace driven by investments from the private sector attracted by the generous wind subsidies from the state and central government in India. Most of the Installed Wind Capacity in India is located in the southern and industrial states of the country. The other states like UP, Bihar lacks sufficient Wind Energy Capacity despite having high power tariffs and substantial electricity deficits. It can be said that Wind Power in India is being developed only in the progressive states like Gujarat, Maharashtra and others. To continue to grow at the same rate, the industry needs to diversify geographically but that would need the backward state governments to pull up their socks.
Explore development and investment opportunities in India’s wind energy market, join us at the India Power summit on the 29th and 30th of September 2011 at Mumbai.
For further information you can check our conference website: